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  • Writer's pictureBrandon Hicks

Understanding Indiana's Obstruction of Traffic Law 35-44.1-2-13: Penalties and Defenses

In the state of Indiana, the legal system defines various offenses, each carrying distinct penalties and legal implications. One such offense, "Obstruction of Traffic," can have serious consequences for those charged with it. Understanding the specifics of this law, its penalties, and potential defenses is essential. At B. Hicks Law, we are committed to providing you with the information you need to navigate the complex world of criminal defense. In this blog post, we'll delve into Indiana Code IC 35-44.1-2-13 and shed light on what you need to know about Obstruction of Traffic.


What is Obstruction of Traffic? Obstruction of Traffic, as defined under IC 35-44.1-2-13, is the act of intentionally obstructing vehicular or pedestrian traffic. This offense can result in serious legal consequences and is classified as a Class B misdemeanor under normal circumstances. However, it's essential to understand that the severity of the offense can vary based on certain factors.

Penalties for Obstruction of Traffic: The penalties for Obstruction of Traffic in Indiana are as follows:

  1. Class B Misdemeanor: Under typical circumstances, obstructing traffic is classified as a Class B misdemeanor. This means that a person found guilty of this offense could face penalties such as fines and potential jail time.

  2. Class A Misdemeanor: If the offense involves the use of a motor vehicle, it can be elevated to a Class A misdemeanor, resulting in more severe penalties.

  3. Level 6 Felony: The offense can be upgraded to a Level 6 felony under certain circumstances, including:

    • Causing serious bodily injury.

    • Blocking an authorized emergency vehicle while it's responding to an emergency call, pursuing a suspect, or responding to a fire alarm.

    • Obstructing the entryway to a facility that provides emergency medical services.


  1. Level 5 Felony: In the most serious cases where the offense results in catastrophic bodily injury or death, the charge can be escalated to a Level 5 felony, carrying even harsher penalties.

  2. Class C Infraction: Unreasonable obstruction of traffic can result in a Class C infraction. However, it's important to note that a defense can be raised if the obstruction was caused by a vehicle malfunction.

Defenses for Obstruction of Traffic: If you find yourself facing charges of Obstruction of Traffic, it's crucial to explore potential defenses. In some cases, the obstruction might have been due to circumstances beyond your control, such as a vehicle malfunction. An experienced criminal defense attorney can help build a strong case to protect your rights and mitigate potential consequences.


Navigating Indiana's Obstruction of Traffic law, as outlined in IC 35-44.1-2-13, can be challenging without proper legal guidance. At B. Hicks Law, we're committed to helping you understand your rights and options when facing criminal charges. If you or someone you know is dealing with a case related to Obstruction of Traffic, don't hesitate to contact us for expert legal assistance. Our dedicated team of criminal defense lawyers is here to fight for your rights and provide you with the best possible legal representation.

Remember, legal matters are complex, and it's crucial to have a knowledgeable attorney by your side. Contact B. Hicks Law today to protect your future.

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