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  • Writer's pictureBrandon Hicks

Navigating Conflict of Interest: Understanding Indiana's IC 35-44.1-1-4

In the field of criminal law, it's essential to be aware of the various legal aspects that can affect a case or the individuals involved. One such aspect is the conflict of interest, which plays a pivotal role in ensuring that justice is served impartially. For this reason, B. Hicks Law, a distinguished criminal defense law firm, provides you with an informative guide to understanding Indiana's IC 35-44.1-1-4, a statute that addresses conflict of interest issues in the state. In this blog post, we'll break down the key components of this statute and help you grasp its implications.

Understanding Conflict of Interest

Conflict of interest is a legal term used to describe situations where individuals in positions of authority or trust have personal interests that could potentially interfere with their professional responsibilities. In the context of IC 35-44.1-1-4, it primarily pertains to public servants and their relationships with governmental entities, contracts, and purchases.

Key Definitions

To understand the statute, let's begin by defining some key terms outlined in IC 35-44.1-1-4:

  1. Dependent: This refers to individuals related to a public servant who rely on them for support. Dependents can be a public servant's spouse, children, stepchildren, or adoptees who are unemancipated and under eighteen years of age.

  2. Governmental Entity Served by the Public Servant: This term denotes the immediate governmental entity that employs or is served by a public servant.

  3. Pecuniary Interest: It signifies a financial interest in a contract or purchase that could lead to an increase in income or net worth for the public servant or their dependents.

The Offense

IC 35-44.1-1-4 specifies that a public servant who knowingly or intentionally has a pecuniary interest in or derives a profit from a contract or purchase connected with an action by the governmental entity they serve commits a conflict of interest, which is categorized as a Level 6 felony.


The statute also outlines various exceptions to this offense:

  1. Compensation: If the public servant or their dependent receives compensation for services provided or expenses incurred as required by law, it is not considered an offense.

  2. Low-Value Interests: When the public servant's interest in a contract or purchase, along with all other contracts and purchases made by the governmental entity in the previous twelve months, is two hundred fifty dollars or less, no offense is committed.

  3. Utility Services: Contracts or purchases involving utility services regulated by state or federal government are exempt.

  4. Advisory Capacity: Public servants who act in an advisory capacity for a state-supported college or university and lack authority in contract or purchase matters are not in violation of the statute.

  5. State Ethics Commission Approval: Public servants under the jurisdiction of the state ethics commission can seek written approval to confirm no conflict of interest concerning the contract or purchase.

  6. Disclosure: Public servants who make a proper written disclosure may not be considered in violation of the statute. These disclosure requirements must be fulfilled in a timely and thorough manner.

In the world of criminal defense law, it's crucial to understand the various legal nuances that can impact a case. Indiana's IC 35-44.1-1-4 serves as an important guideline for addressing conflicts of interest among public servants and governmental entities. By navigating this statute effectively, individuals and professionals in the field can ensure that justice is served impartially and ethically.

If you find yourself facing a legal issue related to conflict of interest or any other criminal matter, don't hesitate to reach out to B. Hicks Law. Our experienced attorneys are here to provide expert guidance and support.

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